Key indicators for measuring state of conservation

The subjects of monitoring will be the territorial systems listed in the attached factsheets and, in particular, it will be concerned with the ecosystems, habitats and ecosystemic components of most naturalistic, environmental and social value. On the basis of these objectives, the organisational chart for the survey activities is drawn up, in other terms, the areas of observation, procedures, timeframes and indicators which, according to current knowledge, are the most effective means to define the most valuable ecological systems, and how to ensure their continued existence in conditions of safety. Nowadays exist monitoring programmers already established for the entire nominated area (core zone and buffer zones), for example surfaces occupied by vegetation systems as specified by letters a, b, e and f in the schedule of each System. Currently, each Administration monitors the area independently but an undertaking has been made to develop a common monitoring plan in the short term: The organisation chart for monitoring is given in table 6.a. The objective of the survey plan today is to fully develop the experience accumulated, and to allow for the future integration of these programs in keeping with the harmonisation process between provincial technical facilities and between these facilities and other bodies engaged in the periodical assessment of the natural systems.

Table 6.a.: indicators, monitered sites, monitored techniques, frequency of determination
(Y = annually; S = after several years; R = running record), and place of
data retention.

MONITORED SITES FREQUENCY DATA HELD AT TECHNIQUES INDICATORS
Game preserves Every year Provinces Spring census on song Lagopus mutus helvetica
Game preserves;
Parco Nazionale
Dolomiti Bellunesi
Every year Provinces
National Park
Spring census at song arenas;
summer census on sample areas
to assess reproductive success
Tetrao tetrix
P.N. Dolomiti Bellunesi;
P.N. Dolomiti di Fanes,
Senes e Braies.
Every 3 years National and
Regional Parks
Search for nests and their monitoring
with assessment of reproductive
success
Aquila chrysaetos
Natura 2000 Network
areas (SCIs and SPZs)
of each system
Every 5 years Provinces
and Regions,
Nature Reserves
Field observations together with data
from “ad hoc” research studies
Number of species
of Community importance
Natura 2000 Network
areas (SCIs and SPZs)
of each system
Every 3 years Provinces
and Regions,
Nature Reserves
Field observations together with data
from “ad hoc” research studies.
Indications on surface areas and
vegetation species of each habitat
Natura 2000 sites
All systems Every year National and
Regional Parks
Permanent areas, photographs Evolution of high-altitude
grass systems
SYSTEMS 1, 2, 3, 5 9 S Provinces, Italian
Glacier Measuring
Network CAI
Topographic measurements Surface area
of glacial systems
Agola, Fradusta,
Marmolada
Every 2 years PAT, CAI Topographic measurements Surface area
of glacial systems
All system R Provinces
and Regions
Samplings Quality of air
All system R Provinces
and Regions
Samplings Quality of flowing water
Travignolo, Canali Every 2 years PAT Samplings Quality of flowing water
All system Y Provinces
and Regions
Photographs taken from fixed
observation points, representative
of landscape types of each area, and
their subsequent evaluation
Variety and integrity
of landscape components

FREQUENCY DATA HELD AT MONITORED SITES TECHNIQUES INDICATORS
R
Provinces
and Regions
APAT
All systems Instrumental monitoring of major
debris flows and rock-falls
Slope stability
S
Landslides mapping
R
Database landslides
(IFFI Project)
R
PAT/PAB P.A.T. and
P.A.B./A.P.B.
Project LIAR
(Laserscan mapping)
R
Provinces
and Regions
All Systems Measurements and sampling Climatological and
meteorological parameters
Y
Every week
in August
Provinces
and Regions
All Systems   Sociocultural indicators
Number of overnight stays
R
Provinces
and Regions
National
and Regional
Parks
All Systems   Mechanical interventions
Length of hiking trails
Length of “via ferrata”
Length of forest and alpine roads
Number of the flights
Number of the high-altitude landing
facilities
Expansion of existing shelters
Construction of new shelters