Protection and management of the property

Ownership

Five provinces have territory within the nominated property. The table below gives a breakdown of the area of the nominated property between the provinces of Belluno, Bolzano/Bozen, Pordenone, Trento and Udine.

PROVINCE

CORE ZONE

 

BUFFER ZONE

 

Belluno

54.690,56

40,24%

53.354,06

54,16%

Bolzano/Bozen

43.423,55

31,95%

14.195,57

14,41%

Pordenone

15.235,61

11,21%

15.840,72

16,08%

Trento

20.563,33

15,13%

7.930,21

8,05%

Udine

1.997,89

1,47%

7.191,37

7,30%

Total area (ha)

135.910,94

100%

98.511,93

100%

By far the greatest part of the land is publicly owned, that is, it belongs to local governments. The types of public property can be split into two main categories, the significance of which must be defined for legal, social and cultural reasons. The first type of public ownership regards the non-exploitable heritage of the regions, provinces or municipalities (public domain, such as rocks, glaciers and lakes); the demanial properties are inalienable. The second type of public ownership regards mountain communities (so-called “magnifica comunità” or “regole”) and organisations of various types (so-called “usi civici” are collective landholders); the forest and the alpine pastures are managed by these collective organizations, whose tradition-rich regulations of usage are often centuries old. The assets are considered bound indefinitely, inalienable and indivisible. As a rule, private ownership is restricted to urbanised land and thus to marginal areas. The following table indicates, system by system, the major categories of land ownership (including State, Provincial, private, community, traditional, customary and non-governmental ownership, etc.). Less than 3% of the property is privately owned.

 Systems  area  core  area  buffer
ownership public* private public* private

1. Pelmo-Nuvolau

4.581,76

96,4%

3,6%

4.048,33

77,2%

22,8%

2. Marmolada

2.207,61

99,2%

0,8%

577,97

94,3%

5,7%

3. Pale di San
Martino-San Lucano - Dolomiti Bellunesi Vette Feltrine

29.401,71

98,1%

1,9%

26.648,76

86,1%

13,9%

4. Dolomiti
Friulane/ Dolomitis Furlanis e d'Oltre Piave

19.233,97

99,5%

0,5%

27.843,43

98,6%

1,4%

5. Dolomiti
Settentrionali/ Nördliche Dolomiten

52.252,03

88,40%

11,60%

26.860,22

82,75%

17,25%

6.
Puez-Odle/Puez-Geisler/Pöz-Odles

7.834,94

70,0%

30,0%

2.896,88

65,0%

35,0%

7.
Sciliar-Catinaccio/ Schlern-Rosengarten - Latemar

8.991,47

92,6%

7,4%

4.887,71

73,7%

26,3%

8. Rio delle
Foglie/ Bletterbach

271,61

100,0%

0,0%

547,43

70,0%

30,0%

9. Dolomiti di
Brenta

11.135,84

99,4%

0,6%

4.201,20

94,5%

5,5%

total

135.910,94

92,7%

7,3%

98.511,93

87,5%

12,5%

* public = local governments demain, mountain communities and collective landholders