Protective designation

Protective designation

In Italy, protection of territory and its correlated values (landscape, environment, ecology) is founded on a system of planning, regulatory and customary legislation and regulations. These act at different levels, ranging from a national to a local level and are valid on either a general or specific scale.
Although the nominated site extends over 5 provinces and 3 regions – and is consequently governed by a complex legal system, with overlapping protected areas and various authorities responsible – it is effectively protected almost in its entirety. In the Dolomite region protection measures are founded on a common legislative base, defined by specific State law instruments. This common base consists of large number of laws, which together form the framework of protection. The legal instruments (laws pertaining to protection of nature, landscape and cultural heritage, forests, waters and the environment, land-use planning etc.) may be grouped by international, national and local level.

Selection of the most important legislation

1. Europe
– Conservation of natural habitats and of wild flora and fauna. Council Directive 92/43/EEC of 21 May 1992 - Official Journal L 206, 22/07/1992
The greater part of the Dolomite region is under the protection of this Directive. In specific detail, there are 30 protected areas within the nominated property (total area about 95.000 ha) and they represent 70% of the entire candidate area. Any work that may potentially change the natural characteristics of these locations must be submitted for an environmental impact assessment.

Systems  SPZ/SCI

1. Pelmo-Nuvolau

SCI IT3230017 Monte Pelmo - Mondeval - Formin

2. Marmolada

SCI IT3120129 Ghiacciaio Marmolada (TN)
SCI IT3230005 Gruppo Marmolada (BL)

3. Pale di San Martino - San Lucano - Dolomiti Bellunesi - Vette Feltrine

SCI IT3120010 Pale di San Martino (TN)
SCI IT3120011 Val Venegia (TN)
SCI/SPZ IT3230043 Pale di San Martino: Focobon, Pape - San Lucano, Agner Croda Granda (BL)
SCI/SPZ IT3230084 Civetta - Cime di San Sebastiano (BL)
SCI IT3120126 Val Noana (TN)
SCI/SPZ IT3230083 Dolomiti Feltrine and Dolomiti Bellunesi (BL)

4. Dolomiti Friulane/Dolomitis Furlanis e d'Oltre Piave

SCI IT3230080 Val Talagona - Gruppo Monte Cridola - Monte Duranno (BL)
SPZ IT3230089 Dolomiti del Cadore and Dolomiti di Comelico (BL)
SCI - IT3310001 Dolomiti Friulane (PN-UD)
SPZ - N.IT3311001 Dolomiti Friulane (PN-UD)

5. Dolomiti Settentrionali/ Nördliche Dolomiten

SPZ/SCI IT3110049 Parco Naturale Fanes-Senes-Braies - Naturpark Fanes-Sennes-Prags (BZ)
SPZ/SCI IT3110050 Parco Naturale Dolomiti di Sesto - Naturpark Sextner Dolomiten (BZ)
SCI IT3230078 Gruppo del Popera - Dolomiti di Auronzo and Dolomiti di Val Comelico (BL)
SPZ IT3230089 Dolomiti del Cadore and Dolomiti di Comelico (BL)
SCI/SPZ IT3230071 Dolomiti di Ampezzo (BL)
SCI/SPZ IT3230081 Gruppi Antelao - Marmarole - Sorapis (BL)
SPZ IT3230086 Col di Lana - Settsas - Cherz (BL)

6. Puez-Odle/Puez-Geisler/Pöz-Odles

SCI and SPZ IT3110026 Valle di Funes-Sas de Putia nel Parco Naturale Puez-Odle - Villnöß-Peitlerkofel im Naturpark Puez-Geisler (BZ)
SCI IT3110027 Gardena-Valle Lunga-Puez nel PN Puez-Odle - Gröden-Langental-Puez im Naturpark Puez-Geisler (BZ)

 7. Sciliar-Catinaccio/Schlern-Rosengarten-Latemar

SCI IT3120119 Val Duron (TN)
SCI IT3120106 Nodo del Latemar (TN)
SCI/SPZ - code IT 3110029 Parco Naturale Sciliar-Catinaccio/Naturpark Schlern-Rosengarten (BZ)

8. Rio delle Foglie/Bletterbach


 9. Dolomiti di Brenta

 SCI IT3120009 Dolomiti di Brenta (TN)

2. Italy

– Code for cultural and landscape assets, Law Decree No. 42, February 22nd, 2004 The Code restricts, for landscape protection purposes, the use of areas surrounding lakes and the banks of permanent rivers and torrential rivers registered in the list of public waters, portions of mountain above 1,600 metres in altitude (which therefore includes the entire candidate area), glaciers, glacial cirques and lastly, woodlands (art. 142).

– Framework law for protected areas. Law No. 394, December 6th, 2001.

– Hydro-geological restrictions. RLD 3267/1923 All nominated area is subject to hydro-geological restrictions; any work that may constitute a risk to the stability of the slopes, including the transformation of woodland into pasture, is subject to particularly strict authorising procedures.

3. Region/Provinces and Autonomous Provinces [Receiving Council Directive 92/43/EEC in local legislation]

– Decree of Regional Government of 4th October 2002 for the Veneto Region,

– Provincial Decree N° 63 of 26th October 2001 for the Provincia Autonoma di Bolzano.

– Provisions for town planning, environmental protection, public waters, transport, fire services, public works and hunting, Provincial law N° 10 of 15th December 2004 for the Provincia Autonoma di Trento

– Regulations concerning regional natural parks and reserves, Regional Law N°
42 of 30th September 1996 for the Friuli Venezia Giulia Region The Dolomite region includes nine parks (1 national, 2 regional, 6 provincial), all covered by management, protection, and control instruments that are well structured, tried and tested. The table below summarises the protected areas within the nominated property.

Park province legal designation system
Parco Nazionale Dolomiti Bellunesi BL Republic President decree 12 July 1993 3.
Parco Naturale Regionale delle Dolomiti d’Ampezzo BL Regional Law 22 March 1990 No. 21 5.
Parco naturale regionale Dolomiti Friulane PN
Regional Law 30 September 1996 No.42 4.
Parco Naturale Fanes-Senes-Braies –
Naturpark Fanes-Sennes-Prags
BZ P.D.P.C. 4 March 1980, No. 72/V/LS 5.
Parco Naturale Puez-Odle – Naturpark
BZ P.D.P.C. 31 October1977, No. 29/V/LS 6.
Parco naturale Sciliar-Catinaccio –
Naturpark Schlern-Rosengarten
BZ P.D.P.C. 16 September 1974, No. 68 – Landscape plan for
the Alpe di Siusi – Art. 3 Board decision of 28 July 2003,
No. 2629
Parco Naturale Dolomiti di Sesto nei Comuni di
Dobbiaco, Sesto and San Candido - Naturpark
Sextner Dolomiten in den Gemeinden Toblach,
Sexten und Innichen
BZ P.D.P.C. 22 December 1981,
No. 103/V/81
Parco naturale provinciale Paneveggio-Pale
di San Martino
TN Provincial Law 6 May 1988, No. 18: “Natural Parks Law” 3.
Parco naturale provinciale Adamello-Brenta TN Provincial Law 6 May 1988, No. 18: “Natural Parks Law 9.

BL = Belluno – TN = Trento – BZ = Bolzano/Bozen – UD = Udine – PN = Pordenone